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Tic List

 

The class of symptoms included in the Tic List table may not be exact.  Some professionals admit to not being able to decide if certain movements are motor tics or compulsions.

 

A tic such as “Teeth Grinding” is a movement and is therefore classed as a motor tic but the movement may also make a sound.  If no sound is made this tic is a motor tic.  If a sound is made this tic could be classified as a phonic tic.  “Finger Movement” tics, which can involve hundreds of distinctive movement patterns, are normally classed as motor tics.  However, if the movement causes a sound, such as finger snapping, this could be classified as a phonic tic.

 

Many compulsions are carried out as a result of an obsession or have an obsessive component attached to them.  The Tic List identifies these only as compulsions.

 

The obsessions and compulsions that are included the Tic List are simple.  For a look at more complex obsessions and compulsions see Complex Obsessions and Compulsions List.

 

     Symptoms

     Class

 

Abdominal jerking, tensing

 

Motor

Adjusts clothing

 

Compulsion

Aggression

 

 

Amplitude of speech

 

Phonic

Animal sounds (cow, dog, etc)

 

Phonic

Ankle flexing

 

Motor

Apraxia

 

Phonic

Arm flailing, flapping, flexing, jerking

 

Motor

Arranging things in a specific order

 

Compulsion

Baby Talk

 

Phonic

Barely audible muttering

 

Phonic

Barking– some vocal tics are sounds that a person would not normally make.

 

Phonic

Belching

 

Phonic

Bending to touch ground

 

Motor

Bites nails

 

Compulsion

Biting others

 

Motor

Biting self (lip, arm, etc)

 

Motor

Biting things

 

Motor

Body jerking

 

Motor

Body slamming

 

Motor

Burns self

 

Compulsion

Calling out saying “hey, hey”, “wow” etc

 

Phonic

Cannot get started – see perseveration

 

Obsession

Checking

 

Compulsion

Chewing on clothes

 

Motor

Chirping

 

Phonic

Chronic negativism

 

OCD

Collecting both useless and useful ojbects

 

Compulsion

Complex respiratory (breathing) patterns

 

Phonic

Contamination concerns

 

Compulsion

Contracting all muscles at the same time

 

Motor

Coprolalia – uttering socially unacceptable words or phrases

 

Phonic

Copropraxia – making obscene gestures

 

Motor

Correcting

 

Compulsion

Coughing

 

Phonic

Counting

 

Compulsion

Cracks knuckles

 

Compulsion

Cuts self

 

Compulsion

Dancing

 

Motor

Defensiveness

 

OCD

Dystonic postures

 

Motor

Eating – see food

 

 

Echolalia – repeating other’s words or statements

 

Phonic

Echopraxia

 

Motor

Evening up – arranging objects in specific orders – is not a tic.  See compulsions

 

Compulsion

Exactness – arranging objects in a specific order

 

Compulsion

Exaggerated exhalations, catches in breathing

 

Phonic

Exaggerated inhalations, catches in breathing

 

Phonic

Eye blinking

- rapid eye blinking

- prolonged eye blinking

- unusual eye blinking

- eye rolling (upward or side to side)

- eye squinting

 

Motor

Facial contortions

 

Motor

Facial grimacing

 

Motor

Finger movements

 

Motor

Food – needs food arranged on plate a certain way, needs to eat foods in a certain order

 

Compulsion

Food – won’t eat certain foods

 

Compulsion

Foot dragging, stamping, tapping, shaking, stomping, stepping backwards

 

Motor

Frowning

 

Motor

Germs, concerned about germs

 

Obsession

Getting stuck

 

OCD

Grunting– some vocal tics are sounds that a person would not normally make.

 

Phonic

Gurgling

 

Phonic

Gyrating

 

Motor

Hair tossing

 

Motor

Hair twisting

 

Motor

Hand clapping

 

Motor

Hand washing

 

Compulsion

Head banging

 

Motor

Head bobbing

 

Motor

Head jerking

 

Motor

Head tossing

 

Motor

Hiccupping

 

Phonic

Hissing– some vocal tics are sounds that a person would not normally make.

 

Phonic

Hitting

- Some people with TS have urges to hit.  This urge may be to hit them self, to hit others or to hit inanimate objects.

 

- A tic directed at hitting oneself may involve any part of the body.  Using a hand to hit the forehead, the backside or another body part could be considered a tic.

 

- A tic directed at an object may involve hitting a table, a wall or any other object available at the time.

 

- An urge to hit another person is usually held back.  This urge is often redirected by hitting another object, by passing by the person with the hit or by stopping just short of hitting the person.

 

Motor

Hitting objects – see hitting

 

Motor

Hitting others – see hitting

 

Motor

Hitting self – see hitting

 

Motor

Hoarding

 

Compulsion

Honking – some vocal tics are sounds that a person would not normally make

 

Phonic

Hopping

 

Motor

Humming

 

Phonic

Injures self

 

Compulsion

Jaw, abnormal movements, snapping

 

Motor

Jumping

 

Motor

Kicking

 

Motor

Kissing

 

Motor

Knee bending, knocking

 

Motor

Knuckle cracking

 

Motor

Laughing

 

Phonic

Leg jerking, kicking

 

Motor

Licking – self, others, objects

 

Compulsion

Looping

 

OCD

Making “tsk” and “pft” noises

 

Phonic

Making funny facial expressions

 

Motor

Making guttural sounds

 

Phonic

Making unintelligible noises

 

Phonic

Moaning– some vocal tics are sounds that a person would not normally make

 

Phonic

Mouth twitch

 

Motor

Muscle tensing

 

Motor

Nail biting

 

Compulsion

Negativism

 

OCD

Noisy breathing

 

Phonic

Nose twitching

 

Motor

Ordering – arranging objects in a specific order

 

Compulsion

Pallilalia – repeating one’s own words

 

Phonic

Patterns – doing things in patterns

 

Compulsion

Perfectionism

 

Compulsion

Perseveration

 

OCD

Picking at lint

 

Compulsion

Picking at sores

 

Compulsion

Pinching

 

Motor

Pouting

 

Motor

Pulling at clothes

 

Compulsion

Rage

 

 

Rapid jerking of any part of the body

 

Motor

Reads signs, license plates, credits in movies

 

Compulsion

Reassurance Seeking

 

OCD

Repeating rituals

 

Compulsion

Repeats actions or movements of others

 

Compulsion

Repeats parts of words

 

Phonic

Repeats phrases

 

Phonic

Repeats words

 

Phonic

Ritualistic behaviours

 

OCD

Rituals

 

OCD

Saving seemingly useless objects

 

Compulsion

Scratching

 

Motor

Screaming– some vocal tics are sounds that a person would not normally make.

 

Phonic

Screeching

 

Phonic

Seeking assurance

 

OCD

Self injuries

 

Compulsion

Shivering

 

Motor

Shoulder shrugging

 

Motor

Shouting – some vocal tics are sounds that a person would not normally make

 

Phonic

Skipping

 

Motor

Smacking– some vocal tics are sounds that a person would not normally make. 

 

Phonic

Smelling fingers or hands, food, other people

 

Compulsion

Sniffing

 

Phonic

Snorting

 

Phonic

Somersaulting

 

Motor

Speech atypicalities such as speaking in unusual rhythms, tones, accents etc.

 

Phonic

Spitting

 

Motor

Squatting

 

Motor

Squeaking – some vocal tics are sounds that a person would not normally make.

 

Phonic

Squealing – some vocal tics are sounds that a person would not normally make.

 

Phonic

Standing on the toes of one foot and twirling the body

 

Motor

Stooping

 

Motor

Straightens things – arranging objects in a specific order

 

Compulsion

Stuttering

 

Phonic

Sucking

 

Motor

Superstitions – avoids things with number 13

 

Compulsion

Symmetry – arranging objects in a specific order

 

Compulsion

Table banging

 

Motor

Talking to oneself

 

Phonic

Taps objects, self

 

Compulsion

Tearing books

 

Motor

Tearing paper or books

 

Motor

Teeth clicking, grinding

 

Phonic

Tensing parts of the body

 

Motor

Toe Walking

 

Motor

Thoughts of violence

 

Obsession

Throat clearing

- unnecessary throat clearing

- exaggerated throat clearing

 

Phonic

Throwing things

 

Motor

Tongue clicking or clacking

 

Phonic

Tongue thrusting

 

Motor

Touching

 

Compulsion

Touching objects (or self)

 

Compulsion

Twirling

 

Motor

Twirling in circles

 

Motor

Uttering out of context phrases or words – see Coprolalia

 

Phonic

Walking in a pattern

 

Compulsion

Walking on toes

 

Motor

Washing hands

 

Compulsion

Whistling

 

Phonic

Worry – minor errors,

 

Obsession

Writhing movements

 

Motor

Yelling

 

Phonic

Yelping – some vocal tics are sounds that a person would not normally make.

 

Phonic

 

 

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